Super-resolution microscopy strategies are important for uncovering the buildings of cells and the dynamics of molecules. Since researchers overcame the decision restrict of round 250 nanometers (whereas successful the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his or her efforts), which had lengthy been thought of absolute, the strategies of microscopy have progressed quickly.
Now a crew led by LMU chemist Prof. Philip Tinnefeld has made an extra advance via the mixture of assorted strategies, reaching the very best decision in three-dimensional space and paving the way in which for a basically new strategy for quicker imaging of dense molecular buildings. The new methodology permits axial decision of beneath 0.3 nanometers.
The researchers mixed the so-called pMINFLUX methodology developed by Tinnefeld’s crew with an strategy that makes use of particular properties of graphene as an power acceptor. pMINFLUX relies on the measurement of the fluorescence depth of molecules excited by laser pulses. The methodology makes it doable to tell apart their lateral distances with a decision of simply 1 nanometer.
Graphene absorbs the power of a fluorescent molecule that’s not more than 40 nanometers distant from its floor. The fluorescence depth of the molecule due to this fact is determined by its distance from graphene and can be utilized for axial distance measurement.
DNA-PAINT will increase the pace
Consequently, the mixture of pMINFLUX with this so-called graphene power switch (GET) furnishes details about molecular distances in all three dimensions—and does this within the highest decision achievable to this point of beneath 0.3 nanometers. “The excessive precision of GET-pMINFLUX opens the door to new approaches for enhancing super-resolution microscopy,” says Jonas Zähringer, lead writer of the paper.
The researchers additionally used this to additional enhance the pace of super-resolution microscopy. To this finish, they drew on DNA nanotechnology to develop the so-called L-PAINT strategy. In distinction to DNA-PAINT, a method that permits super-resolution via the binding and unbinding of a DNA strand labeled with a fluorescent dye, the DNA strand in L-PAINT has two binding sequences.
In addition, the researchers designed a binding hierarchy, such that the L-PAINT DNA strand binds longer on one facet. This permits the opposite finish of the strand to regionally scan the molecule positions at a speedy charge.
“As well as increasing the speed, this permits the scanning of dense clusters faster than the distortions arising from thermal drift,” says Tinnefeld. “Our combination of GET-pMINFLUX and L-PAINT enables us to investigate structures and dynamics at the molecular level that are fundamental to our understanding of biomolecular reactions in cells.”
The findings are revealed within the journal Light: Science & Applications.
Jonas Zähringer et al, Combining pMINFLUX, graphene power switch and DNA-PAINT for nanometer exact 3D super-resolution microscopy, Light: Science & Applications (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-023-01111-8
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
A brilliant-resolution microscopy methodology for speedy differentiation of molecular buildings in 3D (2023, March 10)
retrieved 10 March 2023
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