A nonlinear-transport perspective of field-induced phase transitions in pentatellurides


The evolution of longitudinal resistivity ρxx and transverse resistivity ρxy as a function of biased electrical fields in numerous magnetic fields. Credit: Science China Press

Combining topological states of matter with sturdy electron correlation ensures many distinctive phenomena equal to value fractionalization, excitonic instability, and axionic excitation. Layered transition-metal pentatellurides ZrTe5 and HfTe5 had been found to be close to an unintentional topological semimetal phase with low supplier density. Even in a relatively low magnetic space, they’ll sort terribly degenerated Landau ranges and dramatically enhance the correlation impression of Dirac electrons therein. Therefore, these pentatellurides are good candidates for tunable correlated topological states. This phenomenon was examined in a up to date analysis led by Prof. Faxian Xiu and Prof. Cheng Zhang from Fudan University.

Earlier quantum transport analysis on pentatellurides uncovered a bulk quantum Hall state in magnetic fields, whereas its bodily origin stays controversial. In the current analysis, Xiu and Zhang take a novel method, nonlinear transport, which tracks the evolution of bias-dependent resistivity in magnetic fields. Generally, the D.C. resistivity of typical offers is all by way of the linear regime, neutral of the utilized electrical bias. However, in positive phases equal to value and spin density waves, electrons trapped all by way of the native potential appropriately could also be launched by a relatively small bias voltage after which strongly modify the resistivity values.

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By measuring the longitudinal and transverse differential resistivity at completely fully fully totally different biases, Xiu and Zhang instantly probe the density wave transition induced by magnetic fields. Surprisingly, they uncover that earlier the beforehand proposed 1D density wave, the density wave moreover persists alongside the in-plane route. In addition, the insulating state at better magnetic fields could also be suppressed by the bias voltage as appropriately, which areas a powerful constraint on the mechanism of the metal-insulator transition.

Together with theorists, the authors assemble the phase diagram of HfTe5. With the gear of magnetic fields, electrons in HfTe5 firstly develop correct proper right into a 3D density wave state, after which flip into localized by the magnetic freeze-out impression. These frozen electrons could also be sometimes re-activated into mobile states above a threshold electrical field, which ends up in the activated conduction in every longitudinal and transverse directions.

These outcomes current clear evidences of the rising many-body outcomes of Dirac electrons induced by magnetic fields and put together dilute pentatellurides as a transparent and tunable platform to look out novel collective-mode dynamics in correlated topological physics.

Evidence of a quantum phase transition without symmetry breaking in cerium-cobalt-indium 5

More information:
Cheng Zhang et al, Magnetic-field-induced nonlinear transport in HfTe5, National Science Review (2021). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwab208

A nonlinear-transport perspective of field-induced phase transitions in pentatellurides (2022, January 21)
retrieved 21 January 2022
from https://phys.org/news/2022-01-nonlinear-transport-perspective-field-induced-phase-transitions.html

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