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Artificial intelligence can be utilized to raised monitor Maine’s forests, examine finds

UMaine researchers testing wi-fi sensors used to gather forest information. Credit: University of Maine

Monitoring and measuring forest ecosystems is a fancy problem due to an current mixture of softwares, assortment methods and computing environments that require growing quantities of vitality to energy. The University of Maine’s Wireless Sensor Networks (WiSe-Net) laboratory has developed a novel methodology of utilizing synthetic intelligence and machine studying to make monitoring soil moisture extra vitality and price environment friendly—one which might be used to make measuring extra environment friendly throughout the broad forest ecosystems of Maine and past.

Soil moisture is a vital variable in forested and agricultural ecosystems alike, significantly underneath the current drought situations of previous Maine summers. Despite the strong soil moisture monitoring networks and enormous, freely obtainable databases, the price of industrial soil moisture sensors and the facility that they use to run will be prohibitive for researchers, foresters, farmers and others monitoring the well being of the land.

Along with researchers on the University of New Hampshire and University of Vermont, UMaine’s WiSe-Net designed a wireless sensor network that makes use of artificial intelligence to learn to be extra energy environment friendly in monitoring soil moisture and processing the info. The analysis was funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation.

“AI can learn from the environment, predict the wireless link quality and incoming solar energy to efficiently use limited energy and make a robust low cost network run longer and more reliably,” says Ali Abedi, principal investigator of the current examine and professor {of electrical} and laptop engineering on the University of Maine.

The software program learns over time make one of the best use of accessible community assets, which helps produce energy efficient systems at a decrease price for giant scale monitoring in comparison with the prevailing trade requirements.

WiSe-Net additionally collaborated with Aaron Weiskittel, director of the Center for Research on Sustainable Forests, to make sure that all {hardware} and software program analysis is knowledgeable by the science and tailor-made to the analysis wants.

“Soil moisture is a primary driver of tree growth, but it changes rapidly, both daily as well as seasonally,” Weiskittel says. “We have lacked the ability to monitor effectively at scale. Historically, we used expensive sensors that collected at fixed intervals—every minute, for example—but were not very reliable. A cheaper and more robust sensor with wireless capabilities like this really opens the door for future applications for researchers and practitioners alike.”

The examine was revealed Aug. 9, 2022, within the Springer’s International Journal of Wireless Information Networks.

Although the system designed by the researchers focuses on soil moisture, the identical methodology might be prolonged to different forms of sensors, like ambient temperature, snow depth and extra, in addition to scaling up the networks with extra sensor nodes.

“Real-time monitoring of different variables requires different sampling rates and power levels. An AI agent can learn these and adjust the data collection and transmission frequency accordingly rather than sampling and sending every single data point, which is not as efficient,” Abedi says.

Wireless tech measures soil moisture at multiple depths in real time

More info:
Sonia Naderi et al, Sharing Wireless Spectrum within the Forest Ecosystems Using Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, International Journal of Wireless Information Networks (2022). DOI: 10.1007/s10776-022-00572-9

Artificial intelligence can be utilized to raised monitor Maine’s forests, examine finds (2022, September 3)
retrieved 3 September 2022
from https://phys.org/news/2022-09-artificial-intelligence-maine-forests.html

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