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Astronomers detect new eclipsing post-common-envelope binary

TESS field-of-view round TIC 60040774 (cross) complemented with stars. Credit: Priyatikanto et al., 2022.

Astronomers have carried out photometric and spectroscopic observations of a binary system referred to as TIC 60040774. Results of the observational marketing campaign shed extra gentle on the properties of this method, revealing that it’s an eclipsing post-common-envelope binary. The research was printed August 5 on arXiv.org.

A typical envelope (CE) is gasoline that comprises a binary star system. Observations present that after the extra huge star in a binary leaves the principle sequence, and relying on the initial conditions, dynamically unstable mass switch or a tidal instability could drive such a system to enter the CE phase.

The CE evolution produces a major inhabitants of shut, however indifferent white-dwarf/main-sequence (WDMS) binaries. Approximately 1 / 4 of WDMS are shut sufficient that they should be the so-called post-common-envelope binaries (PCEBs), and about 10% of those methods exhibit eclipses. Studies of PCEBs may advance our data concerning formation and evolution of shut compact binary stars.

That is why a staff of astronomers led by Rhorom Priyatikanto of the National Research and Innovation Agency in Bandung, Indonesia, investigated TIC 60040774—one of many shut binaries with a low-mass secondary star, positioned some 437 light years away. Previous research have instructed that it might be a PCEB.

“In this paper, we present the discovery and characterization of a bright new eclipsing PCEB. The system, TIC 60040774, is a high proper-motion object that lies close to the WD sequence in the color-magnitude diagram and is located fairly nearby,” the researchers wrote.

The staff analyzed the sunshine curve of TIC 60040774 from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), multi-band photometry from the Virtual Observatory SED Analyzer (VOSA), and spectroscopic information obtained the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT). They discovered that this method consists of a younger white dwarf and an M dwarf companion.

According to the research, the white dwarf in TIC 60040774 has a mass of almost 0.6 solar masses and an effective temperature of 14,050 Ok. When it involves the companion dwarf star, it was discovered to be of spectral kind M6.5, with a mass of about 0.11 solar lots and efficient temperature at a degree of two,759 Ok.

The orbital interval of the system was estimated to be 9.71 hours, subsequently comparatively lengthy when in comparison with different recognized PCEBs. The total age of TIC 60040774 the system was calculated to be roughly 1.024 billion years and the researchers assume that the common-envelope stage occurred some 243 million years in the past.

Summing up the outcomes, the astronomers concluded that TIC 60040774 more than likely began from binary with a late B major star with a mass of round 2.5 solar lots and an preliminary separation of roughly 2.4 AU. However, they added that extra exact high-cadence photometry is required to be able to higher perceive the historical past and nature of this method.

New eclipsing binary system detected by Kepler spacecraft

More info:
R. Priyatikanto et al, Characterisation of the eclipsing post-common-envelope binary TIC 60040774. arXiv:2208.02986v1 [astro-ph.SR], arxiv.org/abs/2208.02986

© 2022 Science X Network

Astronomers detect new eclipsing post-common-envelope binary (2022, August 15)
retrieved 15 August 2022
from https://phys.org/news/2022-08-astronomers-eclipsing-post-common-envelope-binary.html

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