Mars has a “bad reputation” for its excessive publicity to radiation and it has neither a magnetic subject nor a thick environment to shelter its floor from excessive power particles from outer space.
In a examine printed in Geophysical Research Letters, Guo Jingnan from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and worldwide collaborators, analyzed the info from the Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on the Curiosity rover, and proposed a doable strategy to mitigate radiation on Mars.
The Curiosity rover launched in November, 2011 and landed on Mars in August, 2012. It was devoted to looking for the weather of life on Mars. In September, 2016, Curiosity parked near a butte and detected a discount in radiation dose, and when Curiosity traversed removed from the butte, the dose got here again to regular. The researchers attributed this alteration in radiation dose to topographical variations.
They then plotted the panoramic sky visibility map of RAD for additional investigation. They discovered that about 20% of the sky was blocked when Curiosity rover was close to the butte, and the quantity was lower than 10% earlier than getting near the butte, which urged that surrounded buttes did defend a portion of radiation.
Moreover, the researchers developed a mannequin of the zenith angle dependence of the dose by Monte Carlo mannequin, and located that the dose discount predicted by this mannequin is considerably greater than the statement.
They defined that the obstructing butte could contribute to extra albedo radiation, which was mirrored by the terrain of Mars and emitted backwards, and it’s not fully secure hiding beside a butte as a result of though the radiation from above might be mitigated, the secondary radiation mirrored by the butte could improve.
Finally, based mostly on RAD statement and a radiation transport model, the researchers calculated the albedo radiation of the flat terrain on Mars which is about 19% of total floor dose.
This examine decided the affect of topology on radiation dose on Mars and revealed the affect of buttes on albedo radiation on Mars, which contributes to the understanding of the radiation atmosphere on Mars and the event of doable mitigation methods.
Jingnan Guo et al, Directionality of the Martian Surface Radiation and Derivation of the Upward Albedo Radiation, Geophysical Research Letters (2021). DOI: 10.1029/2021GL093912
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Buttes on Mars could function radiation shelters (2021, September 6)
retrieved 6 September 2021
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