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Demonstrating a 1-Pbps orbital angular momentum fiber-optic transmission

Credit: Junyi Liu et al

Space-division multiplexing (SDM) know-how has a promising position in overcoming the so-called “capacity crunch” of present single mode fiber (SMF). Now, researchers in China experimentally demonstrated an orbital-angular-momentum (OAM) mode based mostly SDM transmission system with a total capability over 1-Pb/s. The outcome has vital potential for additional up-scaling communication capability by exploiting the OAM modes in optical fibers whereas conserving multi-input multi-output (MIMO) processing to an ultra-low degree of complexity.

With internet traffic approaching the capability restrict of SMF within the foreseeable future, optical communication applied sciences with bigger transmission capability is turning into ever extra desired. However, in reported options that add extra cores and/or modes per core right into a fiber to extend the total capability, there stands a elementary bottleneck in that the MIMO processing complexity required for sign equalization can enhance in sq. legislation with the channel counts (variety of modes × cores) as a result of inter-channel crosstalk (XT).

Simply inserting many sufficiently separated cores in a fiber to make sure low inter-core XT will enlarge the fiber diameter, and diameters of greater than 200 microns significantly degrade the efficiency of fiber fabrication, splicing, and reliability. Hence, new options are wanted to stability the spatial channel counts, fiber cladding diameters and the MIMO complexity.

In a brand new paper revealed in Light: Science & Applications, a staff of researchers led by Dr. Jie Liu and Professor Siyuan Yu from the State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School of Electronics and Information Technology, Sun Yat-Sen University, China, have proposed and demonstrated a fiber-optic transmission system based mostly on OAM modes.

The system integrates SDM, polarization division multiplexing (PDM) and C+L band dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) over a 34-km lengthy 7-core ring core fiber (RCF) of 180 μm diameter, permitting a uncooked (web) capability of 1.223 (1.02) Pb/s and a spectral effectivity of 156.8 (130.7) bit/s/Hz. In this method, they utilized three non-degenerate OAM mode teams (MGs) per core, every MG containing 4 near-degenerate OAM modes (12 modes in all).

Every mode is loaded with 312 wavelengths that are all modulated by 24.5-GBaud QPSK indicators. By exploring the mounted OAM mode quantity in every MG, the low coupling between MGs and cores, and the relative ease in OAM mode multiplexing, the researchers achieved simultaneous weak coupling among the many seven fiber cores and amongst the three OAM MGs inside every core, in order that solely a modular 4 × 4 MIMO processing scheme is required to equalize the coupling among the many 4 near-degenerate modes in every MG.

The reported methodology demonstrates the promise of SDM fiber-optic programs with excessive scalability within the spatial channel rely and the transmission capability whereas sustaining low and glued MIMO equalization complexity inside an inexpensive fiber cladding diameter. The researchers emphasize the important thing position of OAM modes in reaching the petabit per second transmission:

“These results take the capacity of OAM-based fiber-optic communications links over the 1-Pb/s milestone for the first time.”

“They also simultaneously represent the lowest MIMO complexity and the 2nd smallest fiber cladding diameter amongst reported few-mode multicore-fiber (FM-MCF) SDM systems of >1-Pb/s capacity,” they added.

“Therefore, the scheme demonstrates significant potentials for up-scaling of transmission capacity per optical fiber while keeping ultra-low MIMO complexity, and consequently, low cost and low power consumption, by exploiting the uniquely excellent characteristics of OAM modes in ring core optical fibers over distances of tens of kilometers (e.g. the metro, or inter-data center links, etc.),” the researchers claimed.

World’s first successful transmission of 1 petabit per second in a standard cladding diameter multi-core fiber

More data:
Junyi Liu et al, 1-Pbps orbital angular momentum fibre-optic transmission, Light: Science & Applications (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-022-00889-3

Demonstrating a 1-Pbps orbital angular momentum fiber-optic transmission (2022, August 26)
retrieved 26 August 2022
from https://phys.org/news/2022-08-pbps-orbital-angular-momentum-fiber-optic.html

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