Efficient photon upconversion at an natural semiconductor interface


Fig. 1 (a) Schematic illustrations of the standard UC mechanism in movies, and chemical construction of typical sensitizer. (b) Schematic illustrations of the novel UC mechanism on the natural semiconductor interface. (c) Chemical constructions of sensitizer and emitter of the novel UC techniques. Credit: NINS/IMS

Researchers at Institute for Molecular Science in Japan report that novel photon upconversion (UC) system with heterojunctions of natural semiconductors. The solid-state UC system is achieved with an exterior quantum effectivity of two orders of magnitude greater than these of the standard techniques. Using this end result, environment friendly UC, from near-infrared to seen mild, may be realized on versatile natural skinny movies underneath a weak light-emitting diode-induced excitation, observable by bare eyes.

Photon upconversion (UC) is a course of by which a cloth will increase the power of incident photons, ensuing within the emission of photons with greater energies. The potential purposes of UC embrace the restoration of wasted low-energy photons in photovoltaics and photocatalysis. In addition, near-infrared (NIR) to-visible UC, providing the benefit of excessive penetration in dwelling tissues, is desired for biosensing, optogenetics, and photodynamic remedy. The typical UC system depends on a triplet formation from an absorbed photon by intersystem crossing (ISC), which is often facilitated by heavy-atom impact in a sensitizer molecule (Fig. 1a). The two triplet excitons kind excessive power one singlet by an annihilation course of. Finally, the UC emission happens from an emitter molecule. However, the standard solid-state UC remains to be inefficient, exhibiting a highest external quantum efficiency (EQE) of lower than 0.1%, which stays the best problem inhibiting its real-life purposes.

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Group of Assistant Professor Seiichiro Izawa and Professor Masahiro Hiramoto at Institute for Molecular Science in Japan report that novel UC techniques with heterojunctions of bilayer movies of natural semiconductors (Fig. 1b). The mechanism of step one concerned within the novel UC depends on the cost separation on the sensitizer/emitter interface, thereby changing the photoexcited sensitizer singlet to free fees. This course of is identical because the photoconversion on the electron donor/acceptor interface in natural photovoltaics. Subsequently, the free fees recombine to kind the triplet on the interface. The UC emission is observable after the triplet-triplet annihilation. The sensitizer/emitter molecules used within the novel UC system (Fig. 1c) don’t include heavy atoms as a result of the mechanism doesn’t depend on ISC. According to the proposed mechanism, all the pure sensitizer layer can soak up the incident mild and contribute to the UC course of. As a end result, the solid-state UC system is achieved with the EQE of two orders of magnitude greater than these of the standard techniques, with an irradiation depth about 100 mW/cm2, which has similarities with normal solar fluence. The environment friendly UC enabled an illustration of brilliant yellow emission on a versatile skinny movie by a NIR light-emitting diode excitation (Fig. 2). The novel UC system doesn’t want robust laser excitation and the costly platinum-group metals, rare-earth metals, or poisonous components. The discovering results in vital purposes of UC in versatile solar cells, bioimaging, and optogenetics.

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Fig. 2 Photographs of UC emission by a star-patterned invisible NIR LED irradiation on a versatile skinny movie. Credit: NINS/IMS

The examine is printed in Nature Photonics.

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More data:
Seiichiro Izawa, Efficient solid-state photon upconversion enabled by triplet formation at an natural semiconductor interface, Nature Photonics (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41566-021-00904-w. www.nature.com/articles/s41566-021-00904-w

Efficient photon upconversion at an natural semiconductor interface (2021, November 18)
retrieved 18 November 2021
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