Hard single-molecule magnets: Tetranuclear uncommon earth steel complexes with big spin


Credit: Wiley

Magnets shaped from a single molecule are of specific curiosity in knowledge storage, because the skill to retailer a bit on each molecule might vastly improve the storage capability of computer systems. Researchers have now developed a brand new molecular system with a selected magnetic hardness. The substances on this particular recipe are uncommon earth metals and an uncommon nitrogen-based molecular bridge, as proven within the research revealed within the journal Angewandte Chemie.

The suitability of a molecule to turn out to be a magnetic data storage medium depends on the power of its electrons to turn out to be magnetized and to withstand demagnetization, also referred to as magnetic hardness. Physicists and chemists construct molecular magnets like this from steel ions which might be magnetically coupled to at least one one other through molecular bridges.

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However, these coupling bridges have to satisfy sure standards, corresponding to ease of manufacturing and flexibility. For instance, a radical dinitrogen bridge—two nitrogen atoms with a further electron, making the dinitrogen a radical—gave excellent outcomes for uncommon earth steel ions, however may be very troublesome to manage and affords “no room for modification,” clarify Muralee Murugesu and his crew from the University of Ottawa, Canada, of their research. To give them higher scope, the crew enlarged this bridge utilizing a “double dinitrogen”; the unexplored tetrazine ligand has 4 nitrogen atoms somewhat than two.

To produce the molecular magnet, the researchers mixed the brand new tetrazine ligand with rare earth metals—the weather dysprosium and gadolinium—and added a powerful lowering agent to the answer to type the novel tetrazine bridges. The new magnet crystallized within the type of darkish purple prism-shaped flakes.

The researchers describe the molecular unit inside this crystal as a tetranuclear complicated during which 4 ligand-stabilized metal ions are bridged collectively by 4 tetrazine radicals. The most important property of this new molecule is its extraordinary magnetic hardness or coercive discipline. This implies that the complexes shaped a sturdy single-molecule magnet that was notably proof against demagnetization.

The crew clarify that this excessive coercive discipline is achieved by robust coupling via the novel tetrazine unit. The 4 steel facilities of the molecule are coupled collectively to present one molecular unit with a large spin. Only the predecessor to this molecule, with the dinitrogen bridge, gave stronger coupling. However, as already talked about, it was additionally a lot much less versatile and fewer steady than the brand new tetrazine radical bridge.

The crew spotlight that this technique might be used to supply different multinuclear complexes with big spin, providing very good alternatives for growing extraordinarily environment friendly single-molecule magnets with out the difficulties of earlier candidates.

Researchers discover new tool to construct novel metal-based magnetic materials

More info:
Niki Mavragani et al, Radical‐Bridged Ln 4 Metallocene Complexes with Strong Magnetic Coupling and a Large Coercive Field, Angewandte Chemie International Edition (2021). DOI: 10.1002/anie.202110813

Hard single-molecule magnets: Tetranuclear uncommon earth steel complexes with big spin (2021, September 14)
retrieved 14 September 2021
from https://phys.org/news/2021-09-hard-single-molecule-magnets-tetranuclear-rare.html

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