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Hunting darkish power with gravity resonance spectroscopy

Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Dark Energy is broadly believed to be the driving pressure behind the universe’s accelerating enlargement, and several other theories have now been proposed to clarify its elusive nature. However, these theories predict that its affect on quantum scales have to be vanishingly small, and experiments to date haven’t been correct sufficient to both confirm or discredit them. In new analysis revealed in EPJ ST, a crew led by Hartmut Abele at TU Wien in Austria demonstrates a strong experimental approach for learning one such principle, utilizing ultra-cold neutrons. Named “Gravity Resonance Spectroscopy” (GRS), their method might convey researchers a step nearer to understanding one of many biggest mysteries in cosmology.

Previously, phenomena named “scalar symmetron fields” have been proposed as a possible candidate for Dark Energy. If they exist, these fields can be far weaker than gravity—at the moment the weakest elementary pressure identified to physics. Therefore, by trying to find extraordinarily refined anomalies within the behaviors of quantum particles trapped in gravitational fields, researchers might show the existence of those fields experimentally. Within a gravitational area, ultra-cold neutrons can assume a number of discrete quantum states, which fluctuate relying on the power of the sector. Through GRS, these neutrons are made to transition to higher-energy quantum states by the finely tuned mechanical oscillations of a near-perfect mirror. Any shifts from the anticipated values for the power variations between these states might then point out the affect of Dark Energy.

In their research, Abele’s crew designed and demonstrated a GRS experiment named “qBOUNCE,” which they based mostly round a way named Ramsey spectroscopy. This concerned inflicting neutrons in an ultra-cold beam to transition to higher-energy quantum states—earlier than scattering away any undesirable states, and choosing up the remaining neutrons in a detector. Through exact measurements of the power variations between explicit states, the researchers might place much more stringent bounds on the parameters of scalar symmetron fields. Their approach now paves the best way for much more exact searches for Dark Energy in future analysis.

No sign of symmetrons yet, physicists report

More data:
Tobias Jenke et al, Gravity resonance spectroscopy and darkish power symmetron fields, The European Physical Journal Special Topics (2021). DOI: 10.1140/epjs/s11734-021-00088-y

Hunting darkish power with gravity resonance spectroscopy (2021, June 29)
retrieved 29 June 2021
from https://phys.org/news/2021-06-dark-energy-gravity-resonance-spectroscopy.html

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