THURSDAY, Sept. 9, 2021 (HealthDay News) — One of the keys to good well being may very well be within the palms of those that resolve zoning insurance policies for his or her communities.
Inclusionary zoning insurance policies that present for inexpensive housing have been related to decrease charges of heart disease for many who benefited from these dwellings, in response to a brand new U.S. examine.
“Many cities around the country are facing a severe shortage of affordable housing,” stated lead examine writer Antwan Jones, an affiliate professor of sociology at George Washington University in Washington, D.C.
“Our study suggests that inclusionary zoning programs can help not just boost the supply of safe, affordable housing, but may also reduce the risk of heart disease,” Jones stated in a college information launch.
Researchers discovered that locations that had inclusionary zoning additionally had fewer residents with high blood pressure and better cholesterol in comparison with communities with out these applications. The residents have been much less prone to be taking medication for hypertension. They additionally have been much less prone to have already developed coronary coronary heart illness.
These insurance policies have been related to higher cardiovascular well being even when the examine managed for different elements linked to coronary heart illness, corresponding to poverty, health insurance and smoking. However, the examine solely confirmed an affiliation, not a direct cause-and-effect relationship.
The researchers used information from the five hundred Cities Project, together with zoning and demographic data. They famous that greater than 880 cities and counties in 25 states have adopted inclusionary zoning insurance policies or incentive applications for builders who put aside a portion of their constructing initiatives for low- and moderate-income households. These incentives can embody tax breaks and exemptions from some laws.
More than 365,000 folks die from coronary coronary heart illness yearly within the United States. The authors known as for extra analysis on the hyperlinks between zoning and coronary heart well being, whereas including that this examine suggests inclusionary zoning can deal with among the advanced well being challenges confronted by struggling households.
“Stable, affordable housing in healthy communities can reduce stress and increase access to fresh produce, parks, jobs, safe streets and other amenities that help people stay healthy,” stated co-author Gregory Squires, a professor of sociology and public coverage on the college.
The American Heart Association has more information on heart health.
SOURCE: George Washington University, information launch, Sept. 8, 2021