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Multifaceted evaluation identifies transitional areas of vegetation as biodiversity hotspots

Evergreen broad-leaved forest of Ailao Mountains in Yunnan. Credit: Li Jie

Climate change and biodiversity loss are interrelated environmental challenges dealing with the world at the moment, and species residing in transitional areas usually present adaptive responses to local weather change, making such areas essential for long-term biodiversity conservation. Therefore, it’s important to establish each transitional areas and biodiversity hotspots utilizing multifaceted variety measures to find out areas of overlap that require particular conservation consideration.

The cinnamon household, Lauraceae, is a crucial and numerous element of China’s evergreen broad-leaved forests, making this household ideally suited for finding out the relationships between areas of excessive biodiversity and transitional areas as a way to establish multifaceted precedence areas for conservation.

Accordingly, in a research revealed in Ecological Indicators, researchers from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences built-in geographical distribution, phylogenetic info, and useful variety information to offer a scientific overview of Chinese Lauraceae.

The researchers first mapped after which recognized spatial patterns of species richness, phylogenetic variety, and useful variety. Using these parameters, they then outlined areas of neo- and paleo-endemism for Chinese Lauraceae and recognized precedence areas for conservation.

These multidimensional variety patterns confirmed that for Chinese Lauraceae spatial patterns of species, evolutionary, and useful ranges fluctuate significantly amongst assemblages. Areas of paleo-endemism had been recognized within the border area of Yunnan and Guangxi, whereas neoendemic areas occurred primarily alongside the Yarlung Zangbo River and the Himalayas in southern Tibet.

Diversity hotspots had been additionally discovered to overlap with evergreen broad-leaved forests transition zones, highlighting the significance of transition zones for conservation in areas with numerous vegetation sorts.

“To increase conservation effectiveness under a changing climate, multi-dimensional assessments of diversity are desirable to improve the resolution of species patterns and provide better insights into both diversity and phylogenetically based conservation efforts,” mentioned Li Jie of XTBG.

More info:
Run Zhou et al, Transitional areas of vegetation as biodiversity hotspots evidenced by multifaceted biodiversity evaluation of a dominant group in Chinese evergreen broad-leaved forests, Ecological Indicators (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.110001

Multifaceted evaluation identifies transitional areas of vegetation as biodiversity hotspots (2023, February 17)
retrieved 17 February 2023
from https://phys.org/news/2023-02-multifaceted-analysis-transitional-areas-vegetation.html

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