Nanoscale discovery may assist stop overheating in electronics


Sep 20, 2021

(Nanowerk News) A staff of physicists at CU Boulder has solved the thriller behind a perplexing phenomenon within the nano realm: why some ultra-small warmth sources quiet down quicker in case you pack them nearer collectively. The findings, revealed within the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (“A phenomenon triggered by tight packing of heat sources”), may one day assist the tech trade design speedier digital units that overheat much less. “Often heat is a challenging consideration in designing electronics. You build a device then discover that it’s heating up faster than desired,” stated research co-author Joshua Knobloch, postdoctoral analysis affiliate at JILA, a joint analysis institute between CU Boulder and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). “Our goal is to understand the fundamental physics involved so we can engineer future devices to efficiently manage the flow of heat.” A laser heats up ultra-thin bars of silicon. (Credit: Steven Burrows/JILA) The analysis started with an unexplained statement. In 2015, researchers led by physicists Margaret Murnane and Henry Kapteyn at JILA have been experimenting with bars of steel that have been many occasions thinner than the width of a human hair on a silicon base. When they heated these bars up with a laser, one thing unusual occurred. “They behaved very counterintuitively,” Knobloch stated. “These nano-scale heat sources do not usually dissipate heat efficiently. But if you pack them close together, they cool down much more quickly.” Now, the researchers know why this occurs. In the brand new research, they used computer-based simulations to trace the passage of warmth from their nano-sized bars. They found that once they positioned the warmth sources shut collectively, the vibrations of vitality they produced started to bounce off one another, scattering warmth away and cooling the bars down. The group’s outcomes spotlight a significant problem in designing the subsequent era of tiny units, corresponding to microprocessors or quantum laptop chips: When you shrink all the way down to very small scales, warmth doesn’t all the time behave the way in which you suppose it ought to.

Atom by atom

The transmission of warmth in units issues, the researchers added. Even minute defects within the design of electronics like laptop chips can permit temperature to construct up, including put on and tear to a tool. As tech corporations attempt to provide smaller and smaller electronics, they’ll must pay extra consideration than ever earlier than to phonons—vibrations of atoms that carry warmth in solids. “Heat flow involves very complex processes, making it hard to control,” Knobloch stated. “But if we can understand how phonons behave on the small scale, then we can tailor their transport, allowing us to build more efficient devices.” To just do that, Murnane and Kapteyn and their staff of experimental physicists joined forces with a bunch of theorists led by Mahmoud Hussein, professor within the Ann and H.J. Smead Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences. His group focuses on simulating, or modeling, the movement of phonons. “At the atomic scale, the very nature of heat transfer emerges in a new light,” stated Hussein who additionally has a courtesy appointment within the Department of Physics. The researchers primarily recreated their experiment from a number of years earlier than, however this time, fully on a pc. They modeled a collection of silicon bars, laid aspect by aspect just like the slats in a practice monitor and heated them up. The simulations have been so detailed, Knobloch stated, that the staff may comply with the habits of each atom within the mannequin—thousands and thousands of them in all—from begin to end. “We were really pushing the limits of memory of the Summit Supercomputer at CU Boulder,” he stated.

Directing warmth

The method paid off. The researchers discovered, for instance, that once they spaced their silicon bars far sufficient aside, warmth tended to flee away from these supplies in a predictable approach. The vitality leaked from the bars and into the fabric beneath them, dissipating in each path. When the bars obtained nearer collectively, nevertheless, one thing else occurred. As the warmth from these sources scattered, it successfully pressured that vitality to movement extra intensely in a uniform path away from the sources—like a crowd of individuals in a stadium jostling in opposition to one another and ultimately leaping out of the exit. The staff denoted this phenomenon “directional thermal channeling.” “This phenomenon increases the transport of heat down into the substrate and away from the heat sources,” Knobloch stated. The researchers suspect that engineers may one day faucet into this uncommon habits to achieve a greater deal with on how warmth flows in small electronics—directing that vitality alongside a desired path, as a substitute of letting it run wild. For now, the researchers see the most recent research as what scientists from completely different disciplines can do once they work collectively. “This project was such an exciting collaboration between science and engineering—where advanced computational analysis methods developed by Mahmoud’s group were critical for understanding new materials behavior uncovered earlier by our group using new extreme ultraviolet quantum light sources,” stated Murnane, additionally a professor of physics.

In article ad

function myScripts() {

// Paste here your scripts that use cookies requiring consent. See examples below

// Google Analytics, you need to change 'UA-00000000-1' to your ID (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m))(window,document,'script','//','ga'); ga('create', 'UA-00000000-1', 'auto'); ga('send', 'pageview');

// Facebook Pixel Code, you need to change '000000000000000' to your PixelID !function(f,b,e,v,n,t,s) {if(f.fbq)return;n=f.fbq=function(){n.callMethod? n.callMethod.apply(n,arguments):n.queue.push(arguments)}; if(!f._fbq)f._fbq=n;n.push=n;n.loaded=!0;n.version='2.0'; n.queue=[];t=b.createElement(e);t.async=!0; t.src=v;s=b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(t,s)}(window, document,'script', ''); fbq('init', '000000000000000'); fbq('track', 'PageView');


Source link

Leave a reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here