HomeNewsBiologyNew research reveals the toll industrial farming takes on chicken variety

New research reveals the toll industrial farming takes on chicken variety

European Goldfinch. Credit: Andrea Lightfoot

A brand new University of British Columbia (UBC)-led research wanting into the impacts that giant industrial farming has on biodiversity discovered that elevated farm dimension causes a decline in chicken variety.

“Wildlife is a good indicator of a healthy agroecosystem and one thing we wanted to understand was the link between farm size and in surrounding areas,” says Frederik Noack, Assistant Professor within the Food and Resource Economics Group, a part of UBC’s Faculty of Land and Food Systems.

To perceive this relationship, the researchers studied how totally different farming indicators influence the range of native within the farmland bordering the previous Iron Curtain in Germany.

Researchers discovered that elevated farm sizes resulted in a 15 per cent decline in chicken variety.

Although the previous inside German border misplaced its after the German reunification, farms are nonetheless 5 occasions bigger on the japanese facet of the border in comparison with the western facet as a legacy of the farm collectivization within the former East Germany.

Farms within the former East Germany have been privatized for 30 years now, however the sharp variations in farm sizes stays alongside the earlier border. This offers an excellent setup to review the influence of farm dimension on biodiversity in an in any other case ecological and politically comparable setting.

A various chicken inhabitants offers pure pest management and upkeep of an total wholesome ecosystem.

“Surprisingly, we found that larger farms are not damaging themselves, but their typical characteristics tend to harm bird diversity,” Noack explains. “Larger farms have typically larger fields and create more homogenous landscapes with less diverse bird habitats.”

New study shows the toll industrial farming takes on bird diversity
Yellowhammer. Credit: Erik Karits

He says these outcomes counsel that sustaining numerous habitats throughout the agricultural panorama performs an important function for conserving chicken variety.

“Providing a mix of different crop type and other land uses such as forests and grassland within the agricultural landscape is crucial for biodiversity conservation and can mitigate the negative impact of agricultural industrialization,” he mentioned.

Noack says that their findings spotlight the significance of analyzing the agricultural adjustments in a panorama context.

The research used a biodiversity database together with citizen science observations, and layered this on high of satellite farm pictures to make correlations between farm dimension, crop cowl, land cowl variety and land use depth.

Combining geolocalized chicken variety information from systematic chicken surveys and opportunistic citizen science information with excessive decision satellite pictures allowed researchers to review the mechanisms that relate farm dimension to biodiversity.

“The high resolution land cover data allowed us to characterize the bird habitat for each bird diversity observation including field size, crop type, and land use intensity. Based on our results, we can then provide the information for policies to mitigate the negative impact of agricultural industrialization on biodiversity.”

Noack says agri- play an necessary function in harmonizing agricultural intensification with biodiversity conservation targets.

“Our results show that the negative impact of increased size can be mitigated by conserving land cover diversity within the agricultural landscape. In practice, this could mean incentivizing riparian buffer strips, forest patches, hedgerows, or agroforestry.”

Other researchers concerned embrace Ashley Larsen, Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, University of California, Santa Barbara; Johannes Kamp, Department of Conservation Biology, University of Göttingen, Germany; and Christian Levers, Department of Environmental Geography, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Bioenergy crops better for biodiversity than food-based agriculture

More info:
Frederik Noack et al, A chicken’s eye view of farm dimension and biodiversity: The ecological legacy of the iron curtain, American Journal of Agricultural Economics (2021). DOI: 10.1111/ajae.12274

New research reveals the toll industrial farming takes on chicken variety (2022, January 12)
retrieved 12 January 2022
from https://phys.org/news/2022-01-toll-industrial-farming-bird-diversity.html

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