Researchers develop a novel integration scheme for environment friendly coupling between III-V and silicon

Researchers develop a novel integration scheme for efficient coupling between III-V and silicon

High-performance Si-waveguide coupled III-V photodetectors grown on SOI. Credit: The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Researchers on the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) has just lately developed a novel integration scheme for environment friendly coupling between III-V compound semiconductor gadgets and silicon elements on silicon photonics (Si-photonics) platform by selective direct epitaxy, unlocking the potential of integrating energy-efficient photonics with cost-effective electronics, in addition to enabling the subsequent era telecommunications with low price, excessive velocity and huge capability.

Over the previous few years, knowledge visitors has been rising exponentially pushed by numerous purposes and rising strategies similar to huge knowledge, vehicles, cloud purposes and sensors. To deal with the problems, Si-photonics has been extensively investigated as a core expertise to allow, prolong, and improve knowledge transmission by energy-efficient, high-capacity and low-cost optical interconnects.

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While silicon-based passive elements have been effectively established on Si-photonics platform, the lasers and photodetectors cannot be realized by silicon and necessitate the combination of different supplies similar to III-V compound semiconductors on silicon.

III-V lasers and photodetectors on silicon has been investigated by two predominant strategies. The first one is the bonding-based technique which has yielded gadgets with spectacular efficiency. However, it requires sophisticated manufacturing method that’s low yield and high-cost, making mass manufacturing very difficult.

The different approach is direct epitaxy technique by rising a number of layers of III-V on silicon. While it gives an answer with decrease price, bigger scalability and better integration density, the micrometers thick III-V buffer layers that are essential for this technique hinders environment friendly mild coupling between III-V and silicon—the important thing for built-in Si-photonics.

To deal with these points, the group led by Prof. Kei-May LAU, Professor Emeritus of the Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), developed lateral side ratio trapping (LART)—a novel selective direct epitaxy technique that may selectively develop III-V supplies on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) in a lateral route with out the necessity of thick buffers.

Furthermore, based mostly on this novel expertise, the group devised and demonstrated distinctive in-plane integration of III-V photodetectors and silicon parts with excessive coupling effectivity between III-V and silicon. Compared to the industrial ones, the efficiency of photodetectors by such strategy is much less noisy, extra delicate, and has wider operation vary, with record-high velocity of over 112 Gb/s—approach sooner than present merchandise.

For the primary time, the III-V gadgets will be effectively coupled with Si parts by direct epitaxy. The integration technique will be simply utilized to the combination of assorted III-V gadgets and Si-based elements, thereby enabling the final word objective of integrating photonics with electronics on silicon photonics platform for knowledge communications.

“This was made possible by our latest development of a novel growth technique named lateral aspect ratio trapping (LART) and our unique design of coupling strategy on the SOI platform. Our team’s combined expertise and insights into both device physics and growth mechanisms allow us to accomplish the challenging task of efficient coupling between III-V and Si and cross-correlated analysis of epitaxial growth and device performance,” stated Prof. Lau.

“This work will provide practical solutions for photonic integrated circuits and fully integrated Si-photonics, light coupling between III-V lasers and Si components can be realized through this method,” stated Dr. Ying Xue, first writer of the examine.

This work has just lately been revealed in Optica.

More info:
Ying Xue et al, High-speed and low darkish present silicon-waveguide-coupled III-V photodetectors selectively grown on SOI, Optica (2022). DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.468129

Researchers develop a novel integration scheme for environment friendly coupling between III-V and silicon (2022, November 18)
retrieved 18 November 2022

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