Researchers report biosynthetic pathway of mechercharmycin A


Recently, TANG Gongli’s group from the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences reported the biosynthetic pathway of mechercharmycin A (MCM-A), a marine pure product belonging to a household of polyazole cyclopeptides with exceptional bioactivities and distinctive buildings.

The examine was revealed in Cell Chemical Biology on Sept. 1.

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Through bioinformatics evaluation and structural evaluation of MCM-A, the researchers presumed that the compound is a pure product of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs).

They sequenced the genome of MCM producer, Thermoactinomyces sp. YM3-251, searched the genome information with the anticipated core sequence (FIVSSSCS), and recognized a candidate biosynthetic gene cluster BGC (mcm) containing the attainable precursor gene mcmA and a dehydratase gene mcmL.

Since the unique producing pressure Thermoactinomyces sp. YM3-251 is troublesome to genetically manipulate, the researchers made the presumptive BGC (mcmA-mcmL) heterologously specific in Bacillus subtilis 168 to research the biosynthetic pathway.

After activating the BGC by including a powerful promoter pLaps, they detected the goal product MCM-A within the fermentation merchandise. Based on this heterologous expression system, two MCM-A analogs (17 and 18) with comparable antitumor exercise have been generated by engineering the biosynthetic pathway.

Due to the degradation of the precursor peptides within the heterologous expression host, every knockout mutant pressure (inactivation of gene mcmA-mcmL) didn’t present extra details about intermediates or the modification of precursor peptide. The researchers carried out combinatorial co-production of the precursor peptide with totally different modifying enzymes in Escherichia coli, which led to the identification of a unique timing of modifications, exhibiting {that a} tRNAGlu-dependent extremely regioselective dehydration is the primary modification step, adopted by polyazole formation via heterocyclization and dehydrogenation in an N- to C-terminal route.

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More info:
Zeng-Fei Pei et al, Heterologous characterization of mechercharmycin A biosynthesis reveals different insights into post-translational modifications for RiPPs, Cell Chemical Biology (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2021.08.005

Researchers report biosynthetic pathway of mechercharmycin A (2021, September 6)
retrieved 6 September 2021

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