Scientists discover a approach to stabilize a promising materials for solar panels


Credit: KTH Royal Institute of Technology

One of the solar power market’s most promising solar cell supplies—perovskite—can be probably the most irritating. A analysis group in Sweden experiences a doable answer to the environmental instability of perovskite—an alternative choice to silicon that is low cost and extremely environment friendly, but degrades dramatically when uncovered to moisture.

The group from KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm developed a brand new artificial alloy that will increase perovskite cells‘ sturdiness whereas preserving power conversion efficiency. The researchers printed their findings in Communications Materials.

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“Perovskite usually dissolves immediately on contact with water,” says co-author James Gardner, a researcher at KTH. “We have proven that our alloyed perovskite can survive for several minutes completely immersed in water, which is over a 100 times more stable than the perovskite alone. What’s more, the solar cells that we have built from the material retain their efficiency for more than 100 days after they are manufactured. “

Perovskites are a category of supplies with a particular crystal construction, named after the mineral with that construction. In solar cells they’ve proven potential for high performance—with power conversion efficiencies as excessive as 25 %—and, better of all, low manufacturing prices.

However, these thin-film cells are extremely vulnerable to out of doors components, which accelerates their degradation—and limits their viability in a solar market the place just about all panels are based mostly on silicon.

KTH researcher James Gardner says that his group’s work represents a step in the direction of creating an alternate, extra steady perskovite product. They encapsulated a light-absorbing perskovite layer with a 2D perskovite movie layer that gives a water repellent high quality due to the addition of long-chain alkylammonium ions.

The researchers report that the cells’ energy conversion effectivity dropped by 20 % after six months at a relative humidity of 25 to 80 %; they usually might be fully immersed in water for a couple of minutes earlier than degradation began.

Gardner says that the 2D perovskite coating additionally mitigates power losses within the light-absorbing 3D perovskite, which ends up in an enhancement within the photovoltage. The findings point out that long-chain alkylammonium cation-based 2D perovskites can enhance the environmental stability of 3D-based perovskites, with out important lack of efficiency and should result in commercially profitable perovskite solar cells.

Perovskite solar cells with atomically coherent interlayers on SnO₂ electrodes

More info:
Bhushan P. Kore et al, Moisture tolerant solar cells by encapsulating 3D perovskite with long-chain alkylammonium cation-based 2D perovskite, Communications Materials (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s43246-021-00200-8

Scientists discover a approach to stabilize a promising materials for solar panels (2021, October 27)
retrieved 27 October 2021

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