“This mechanism explains one potential reason for why HIV stays in human tissues forever,” he stated, including that the analysis additionally exhibits the complexity of HIV an infection.
“This provides us the opportunity to come up with potential new treatments that would help killer T cells migrate better to gain access to the infected cells in different tissues.”
After figuring out the function of CD73 a three-year venture Elahi turned his focus to understanding potential causes for the drastic discount. He discovered it’s partly as a result of power irritation that’s frequent amongst individuals dwelling with HIV.
“Following extensive studies, we discovered that chronic inflammation results in increased levels of a type of RNA found in cells and in blood, called microRNAs,” he defined. “These are very small types of RNA that can bind to messenger RNAs to block them from making CD73 protein. We found this was causing the CD73 gene to be suppressed.”
The crew’s discovery additionally helps clarify why individuals with HIV have a decrease threat of growing a number of sclerosis, Elahi famous.
“Our findings suggest that reduced or eliminated CD73 can be beneficial in HIV-infected individuals to protect them against MS. Therefore, targeting CD73 could be a novel potential therapeutic marker for MS patients.”
Elahi stated the following steps in his analysis embody figuring out methods the CD73 gene might be manipulated to activate in sufferers dwelling with HIV and off in these with MS.