According to the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, women aged 9 – 18 are inspired to devour 1½ to 3-cup equivalents per day of greens, relying on their calorie wants, however most fail to satisfy these pointers. In this research, the very best ranges of potato consumption ranged from 1/5 to 1 cup per day and at that stage, no adversarial results had been noticed.
“Our results show that nutrient-rich potatoes can be part of a healthy diet in young girls during this important period of growth and development,” says Lynn L. Moore, DSc, MPH, Boston University, the research’s senior creator.
“There is growing evidence that overall diet quality is what really matters in the preservation of heart health. Potatoes are an affordable food, with a number of valuable nutrients, and our research suggests that moderate intakes of potatoes, along with many other types of vegetables, can be a regular part of a healthy diet pattern.”
Higher intakes of all types of potatoes (together with fried) in the course of the ‘tween’ years of 9 to 11 had been related to increased intakes of potassium and dietary fiber, two vitamins of public well being concern, in addition to vitamin C, vitamin B6 and magnesium.
Black women on this research with the very best intakes of potatoes additionally consumed extra fruit and non-starchy greens and had increased diet-quality scores.
Study Design, Strengths and Limitations
The researchers analyzed information from practically 2,000 topics (roughly 50% Black, 50% White) from the National Growth and Health Study, a longitudinal research of the event of weight problems and different cardiovascular-related outcomes in adolescent women.
For women at 11th of September years of age, researchers analyzed information on total potato consumption (white and candy) in addition to separate intakes of fried and non-fried potatoes.
For women at 9-17 years of age, researchers analyzed information for total potato consumption (white and candy).
Diet was assessed utilizing 3-day weight loss plan data at baseline when women had been 9-10 years outdated, and in the course of the follow-up years 2-5, 7, 8, and 10. The consumption of potatoes (each white and candy potatoes) was extracted from total vegetable servings.
Anthropometric measures of physique fats and physique composition and blood strain had been measured yearly. Additionally, fasting triglycerides, different lipids, and glucose had been measured in later adolescence (at 18-20 years of age).
Repeated measures of various potential confounding variables had been examined, together with socioeconomic standing, physique mass index (BMI), adjustments in peak, bodily exercise, tv viewing, intakes of meals teams and vitamins, in addition to weight loss plan high quality measured by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015.
The research’s strengths embody its potential design in addition to the usage of a number of units of three-day weight loss plan data, which is taken into account the gold normal technique for dietary evaluation. Researchers additionally took repeated measures of cardiometabolic threat elements and most potential confounders.
The investigators acknowledge limitations to the research, corresponding to reliance on self-reported dietary intakes from adolescents who might have had problem precisely estimating portion sizes and reporting particulars. However, dad and mom and different caregivers had been actively concerned within the completion of those weight loss plan data, particularly in the course of the earlier years of the research.
Researchers had been unable to evaluate the consequences of very excessive ranges of potato intakes since few women reported consuming multiple cup equal of potatoes per day. They had been additionally unable to investigate any variations between white and candy potato consumption, given the low intakes of candy potatoes throughout the research inhabitants. Finally, the researchers had been unable to manage for baseline values of fasting glucose or triglycerides because of lacking or unreliable information on the preliminary examination.
This research was chosen because the Nutrition Society’s Paper of the Month. Every month, the Editors-in-Chief of the Nutrition Society’s journals choose one paper as being of explicit curiosity or originality, and/or as a result of it challenges beforehand conceived notions in dietary science and public well being.
The analysis manuscript, “Potato consumption is not associated with elevated cardiometabolic risk in adolescent girls,” is revealed within the British Journal of Nutrition (https:doi.org/10.1017/S0007114521003445). Authors embody Ioanna Yiannakou, Mengjie Yuan, R. Taylor Pickering, Martha R. Singer, and Lynn L. Moore, Boston University.
In addition to funding from the National Institutes of Health, funding was offered by the Alliance for Potato Research and Education (APRE); APRE had no enter on interpretation of the outcomes or manuscript improvement.