The crystal symmetry dependence of high-harmonic technology in monolayer dichalcogenides


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The light-matter interplay has lengthy been one of the vital superior areas in physics. Recently, it has attracted extra attentions as a result of speedy improvement of ultra-short lasers, and a wide range of ultra-fast phenomena have been experimentally achieved, together with band construction, transition dipole moments, and Berry curvature.

Solid-state high-harmonic technology (HHG), particularly HHG from monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), has emerged as a novel spectroscopic device for the ultrafast phenomena. However, many obstacles severely hinder the event of solid-state HHG.

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Crystal symmetry, as one of the vital important factors governing the method of solid-state HHG, is of urgently calls for to be investigated due to the destructive impression within the emission of HHG. Therefore, systematic evaluation of the HHG from monolayer TMDCs can enormously assist to finish the image of the position of symmetry results.

A analysis workforce led by Prof. Dr. Shamnhu Ghimire from Stanford University introduced an investigation referring to the crystal-orientation dependence of HHG in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides, WS2 and MoSe2. The outcomes have been revealed in Ultrafast Science. 

According the researchers, they used difference-frequency technology (DFG) system as an optical pump. The supply of DFG system was a Ti: sapphire femtosecond midinfrared laser adopted by optical parametric amplification.

The simulation primarily based on semiconductor Bloch equations was additionally carried out to confirm the experimental outcomes. Specifically, the smaller laser amplitude is chosen for comparability, which is properly settlement with the experimental results.

The outcomes point out that the polarization route of odd-order harmonics in WS2 easily follows that of the driving laser area no matter crystal orientation. Moreover, the polarization traits exhibit a flip through the crystal symmetry.

As for MoSe2, exhibiting noticeable deviations of high-harmonic alerts, was additionally investigated. The tenth harmonic is maximized for parallel excitation and its polarization demonstrates a transparent distinction between the opposite even-order harmonics.

This work recommended the capabilities of the polarization-resolved HHG measurements to disclose the roles of the intra-band and inter-band contributions in addition to the deflection of the electron-hole trajectories by non-parabolic bands within the crystal.

A strategy to directly modulate the second-order optical susceptibility of monolayer molybdenum ditelluride

More info:
Yuki Kobayashi et al, Polarization Flipping of Even-Order Harmonics in Monolayer Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides, Ultrafast Science (2021). DOI: 10.34133/2021/9820716

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Ultrafast Science

The crystal symmetry dependence of high-harmonic technology in monolayer dichalcogenides (2021, October 29)
retrieved 29 October 2021

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